Welcome to our comprehensive guide on installing and configuring Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22. In this tutorial, we will walk you through the process of setting up a Kubernetes cluster on your Ubuntu 22 machine. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced user, this guide will provide you with detailed instructions and code snippets to successfully install and configure Kubernetes.

Section 1: Prerequisites

Before we begin the installation process, let’s ensure that your system meets the necessary prerequisites. To follow this tutorial, you will need:

  1. A machine running Ubuntu 22 (the latest LTS version).
  2. Administrative access to your Ubuntu 22 machine.
  3. Basic familiarity with the command line.

Section 2: Installing Docker

Kubernetes relies on containerization, and Docker is the most popular containerization platform. Let’s start by installing Docker on your Ubuntu 22 machine. Follow these steps:

Step 1: Update your system’s package index.

sudo apt update

Step 2: Install Docker from the official Docker repository.

sudo apt install docker.io
Kubernetes on Ubuntu

Step 3: Start and enable the Docker service.

sudo systemctl start docker
sudo systemctl enable docker

Step 4: Verify the installation by running a test container.

sudo docker run hello-world
Kubernetes on Ubuntu hello-world

Section 3: Installing Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04

Once Docker is installed and configured, we can proceed with the installation of Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04. Kubernetes uses various components to manage and orchestrate containers. Follow these steps to install Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22:

Step 1: Add the Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04 repository and import the repository’s GPG key.

curl -s https://packages.cloud.google.com/apt/doc/apt-key.gpg | sudo gpg --dearmour -o /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/kubernetes-xenial.gpg

Step 2: Add the Kubernetes repository.

sudo apt-add-repository "deb http://apt.kubernetes.io/ kubernetes-xenial main"

Step 3: Install the necessary packages for Kubernetes.

sudo apt update
sudo apt install kubeadm kubelet kubectl
sudo apt-mark hold kubelet kubeadm kubectl

Step 4: Initialize the Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04 cluster using the kubeadm tool.

sudo swapoff -a
sudo sed -i '/ swap / s/^\(.*\)$/#\1/g' /etc/fstab
sudo kubeadm init
install and configure Kubernetes

Step 5: Configure your user account to access the cluster as a non-root user.

mkdir -p $HOME/.kube
sudo cp -i /etc/kubernetes/admin.conf $HOME/.kube/config
sudo chown $(id -u):$(id -g) $HOME/.kube/config

Section 4: Configuring Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04

After successfully installing Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04, it’s time to configure it to suit your requirements. Here are some important configurations you should consider:

  1. Setting up cluster-wide DNS with CoreDNS: Kubernetes uses CoreDNS for cluster DNS management. To set it up, follow the official Kubernetes documentation.
  2. Securing your cluster with SSL/TLS certificates: Protect your cluster by configuring SSL/TLS certificates. Refer to the Kubernetes documentation for detailed instructions.
  3. Managing resource allocation and limits: Define resource requests and limits for your applications to ensure optimal performance. Use resource specifications such as CPU and memory limits in your pod configurations.
  4. Configuring persistent storage with persistent volumes: Enable persistent storage for your applications by creating persistent volumes and volume claims. This allows data to persist even if pods are restarted or rescheduled.
  5. Enabling monitoring and logging for your cluster: Install monitoring and logging solutions such as Prometheus and Elasticsearch to gain insights into your cluster’s health and troubleshoot issues effectively.

Section 5: Deploying Applications on Kubernetes

With Kubernetes on Ubuntu 22.04 up and running, you can now deploy applications onto your cluster. Here’s a simplified example of deploying a sample application:

Step 1: Create a deployment YAML file (e.g., app-deployment.yaml) with the desired specifications for your application. This is an example of a Nginx app:

apiVersion: apps/v1
kind: Deployment
  name: nginx-deployment
  replicas: 3
      app: nginx
        app: nginx
        - name: nginx
          image: nginx:latest
            - containerPort: 80

Explanation of the YAML file:

  • The YAML file specifies a Deployment resource with the name “nginx-deployment”.
  • The replicas field is set to 3, which means three instances (pods) of Nginx will be created.
  • The selector field selects the pods to manage based on the labels. In this case, it selects pods with the label app: nginx.
  • The template section describes the pod template used to create new pods.
  • The labels field specifies the labels for the pods. In this case, the label app: nginx is assigned.
  • The containers section lists the containers within the pod.
  • The container name is set to “nginx”.
  • The image field specifies the Nginx container image to be used. In this case, it uses the latest version of the official Nginx image.
  • The ports section defines the port configuration for the container. In this example, port 80 is exposed.

Remember to customize the YAML file according to your application’s requirements, such as updating the deployment name, container image, ports, and any additional configuration needed.

Step 2: Apply the deployment to your cluster using the kubectl command.

kubectl apply -f app-deployment.yaml
Nginx image deployment

Step 3: Monitor the deployment and check its status.

kubectl get deployments
kubectl get pods
kubectl get deployments
nginx-deployment   0/3     3            0           2m14s

Congratulations! You have successfully installed and configured Kubernetes on your Ubuntu 22 machine. You are now ready to deploy and manage your containerized applications with the power of Kubernetes. Remember to refer to the official Kubernetes documentation for more advanced topics and best practices. Happy clustering!


mike schreiner · October 13, 2023 at 12:07 AM

i have this running on an AWS EC2 instance. As soon as i tried to create the deployment, it gave me the following error-
The connection to the server was refused – did you specify the righ t host or port?

the security group i am using has everything wide open in and out.
Any ideas?

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